Welcome to the electronic scoring site for the Secondary Traumatic Stress Informed-Organizational Assessment.

The STSI-OA is an assessment tool that can be used by organizational representatives at any level to evaluate the degree to which their organization is STS-informed and able to respond to the impact of secondary traumatic stress in the workplace. The STSI-OA identifies specific areas of strength and opportunities to implement STS informed policies and practices. The results of this tool can be used as a roadmap for future training and implementation activities in the area of STS and trauma-informed care.


When do I use the electronic scoring site

The STSI-OA is meant to be administered to all members of an organization so the perspectives of everyone can be considered. In this case, downloading the tool from the website below is the best option or you can contact Dr. Sprang at for consultation and support options.  However not every organization is in a position to administer an organization wide survey anonymously (a requirement) and/or analyze the data. The electronic scoring option allows groups to come together and enter a response to each item based on a consensus approach. Although this may inadvertently prohibit multiple perspectives from being fully considered in the ratings, organizations report this process facilitates helpful discussions and allows for immediate assessment.


How should I cite or reference the tool?

Suggested citation: Sprang, G., Ross, L., Miller, B., Blackshear, K. , Ascienzo, S. (2017). Psychometric Properties of the Secondary Traumatic Stress Informed Organizational Assessment, Traumatology, 23, 2, 165-171.


To download a copy of the STSI-OA, follow this link:



What if I want assistance in implementing changes indicated by the assessment?

For more information contact Dr. Ginny Sprang at


How is the STSI-OA being used in research and practice? Check out these peer-reviewed articles:


Sprang, G. , Lei, F. & Bush, H. (2021). Can Organizational Efforts Lead to Less Secondary Traumatic Stress? A Longitudinal Investigation of Change. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 91 (4), 443-453.


Sprang, G. Miech, E. J., Gusler, S. (2023). The Role of Secondary Traumatic Stress Breakthrough Champions in Reducing Worker Trauma and Improving Organizational Health: A Configurational Analysis, to Implementation Research and Practice, 4,


Whitt-Woosley, A & Sprang, G. (2023). Analysis of Implementation Drivers of Secondary Traumatic Stress (STS)-Informed Organizational Change and Experiences of STS and Burnout in Child Welfare, Child Abuse and Neglect. 141,


Sprang, G., Gusler, S., LaJoie, S., Eslinger, J., & Smith, E. (2023). Using Project ECHO to Keep Professionals Well at Work: Individual and Organizational Outcomes, Academic Psychiatry.


Armes, S. E., Seponski, D. M., Bride, B. E., & Bryant, C. M. (2023). Marriage and Family Therapists’ Exposure to Trauma, Access to Support, and Intention to Leave: It Takes a Village. International Journal of Systemic Therapy, 1-20.


Gusler, S., Sprang, G., Hood., C., Eslinger, J., Whitt-Woosley, A., Kinnish, K., Wozniak, J. (2023). Untangling Secondary Traumatic Stress and Vicarious Traumatization:
One Construct or Two? Psychological Trauma: Theory Research and Practice.


Sprang, G; Whitt-Woosley, A., Wozniak, J.; Gusler, S.; Hood, C.; Kinnish, K.; Stroup, H. (2023). A Socioecological Approach to Understanding Secondary Trauma in Professionals Working with Individuals Involved in Sex Trafficking: A Hierarchical Regression Analysis.  Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 38, 21-22, 11745-11767.


Wathen, C. N., Schmitt, B., & MacGregor, J. C. (2023). Measuring trauma-(and violence-) informed care: A scoping review. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse24(1), 261-277.


Sprang, G., Ross, L., & Miller, B. (2018). A data-driven, implementation-focused, organizational change approach to addressing secondary traumatic stress, European Journal for Person Centered Healthcare, 6,1, 62-68.


Sprang, G. (2018). Organizational Assessment of Secondary Traumatic Stress: Utilizing the Secondary Traumatic Stress Informed Organizational Assessment Tool to Facilitate Organizational Learning and Change. In Trauma Responsive Child Welfare Systems (pp. 261-270). Springer, Cham, Switzerland.